responsibility finder
Schleswig-Holstein

Acknowledgement of paternity

Source: Zuständigkeitsfinder Schleswig-Holstein (Linie6PLus)

Service Description

  • If you wish to make a declaration acknowledging paternity of a child and a declaration of consent by the mother, this can be publicly certified by registrars in any registry office, at youth welfare offices and before notaries.

A declaration by which paternity to a child is acknowledged, as well as the mother's declaration of consent, can be notarised in any registry office, at youth welfare offices and before notaries. An effective acknowledgement of paternity can be made if there is no paternity of another man to this child. The acknowledgement of paternity and the mother's declaration of consent are notarised in public form.

Acknowledgment of paternity is possible even before the child is born.

Under German law, the woman who gave birth to the child is the child's mother. Acknowledgment of maternity is generally not required. If an acknowledgement of maternity or a declaration of consent by a legal representative is required, these must also be notarised by a registry office, by the youth welfare office, or by notaries.

If the foreign law of the mother's or father's home country prescribes a recognition of maternity, it can also be publicly notarised. The same regulations apply as for the acknowledgement of paternity.


Process flow

The acknowledgement of paternity and also the declarations of consent can be submitted to any city office, youth welfare offices and notaries.

  • The acknowledging man declares to be the father of the child.
  • The registrar must check the declaration of acknowledgement in order to prevent ineffective acknowledgements as far as possible.
  • Specifically checked:
  • The identity of the recognizer, the mother and the child.
  • The legal capacity of the parties involved
  • Any previous status determinations
  • The registrar explains the legal consequences of the name.
  • The recognition is publicly certified
Who should I contact?
  • Youth welfare offices
  • Notaries
  • Registry offices
Competent authority
  • Youth welfare offices
  • Notaries
  • Registry offices
Requirements
  • The acknowledgement and consent must be publicly certified.
  • Acknowledgement of paternity can be made at any city office, youth welfare office or notary public.
  • The acknowledgement is not subject to receipt and does not require receipt by a particular registry office or other authority in order to be effective.
  • The prohibition of abusive acknowledgement of paternity in accordance with § 1597a applies. BGB
  • An acknowledgement of paternity to a child is not effective as long as the paternity of another man exists (blocking effect).
  • An acknowledgment under condition or time provision is ineffective.
  • There must be no effective revocation by the recognising party.
  • The recognition requires the consent of the mother.
  • Recognition also requires the consent of the child if the mother is not entitled to parental care in this respect.
  • The effectiveness of the declaration on the acknowledgement of paternity is not dependent on the actual parentage relationships; (legal) paternity comes into existence solely through the effective submission of the declarations of acknowledgement and all necessary declarations of consent. Acknowledgement of paternity can also be made before the birth of the child.
  • A person with limited legal capacity can only acknowledge paternity himself or herself, but requires the consent of the legal representative. For those who are incapacitated, the legal representative can acknowledge with the approval of the family court; if the legal representative is a guardian, the approval of the guardianship court is required.
  • The same rules apply to the mother's consent.
  • For an incapacitated child, or a child who is under 14 years of age, only the legal representative may consent to the recognition.
  • Acknowledgements or consents cannot be declared by an authorised person.
Which documents are required?
  • Proof of identity (e.g. identity card, passport, ID card)
  • Birth certificate of the father
What are the fees?

The acknowledgement of paternity and the declarations of consent are free of charge.

If necessary, € 30 for the affirmation in lieu of an interpreter.

What deadlines do I have to pay attention to?
  • The declaration of recognition can be submitted for an unlimited period of time, even before the birth of the child (prenatal recognition), and after the death of the child (post-mortem recognition), as well as for stillborn children.
Processing duration
  • Case-by-case
Legal basis
  • § 44 Civil Status Act (PStG)
  • §1594 to §1598 BGB , § 1599 BGB
Appeal
  • Opposition
  • Contestation
  • Declaratory proceedings
Applications / forms

at the registry office

Author

The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

Technically approved by

Senator for the Interior, Department 23 - Personal Status Law, of the State of Bremen

Professionally released on

09.10.2020

Teaser

  • If you wish to make a declaration acknowledging paternity of a child and a declaration of consent by the mother, this can be publicly certified by registrars in any registry office, at youth welfare offices and before notaries.

Process flow

The acknowledgement of paternity and also the declarations of consent can be submitted to any city office, youth welfare offices and notaries.

  • The acknowledging man declares to be the father of the child.
  • The registrar must check the declaration of acknowledgement in order to prevent ineffective acknowledgements as far as possible.
  • Specifically checked:
  • The identity of the recognizer, the mother and the child.
  • The legal capacity of the parties involved
  • Any previous status determinations
  • The registrar explains the legal consequences of the name.
  • The recognition is publicly certified

Who should I contact?

  • Youth welfare offices
  • Notaries
  • Registry offices

Competent authority

  • Youth welfare offices
  • Notaries
  • Registry offices

Requirements

  • The acknowledgement and consent must be publicly certified.
  • Acknowledgement of paternity can be made at any city office, youth welfare office or notary public.
  • The acknowledgement is not subject to receipt and does not require receipt by a particular registry office or other authority in order to be effective.
  • The prohibition of abusive acknowledgement of paternity in accordance with § 1597a applies. BGB
  • An acknowledgement of paternity to a child is not effective as long as the paternity of another man exists (blocking effect).
  • An acknowledgment under condition or time provision is ineffective.
  • There must be no effective revocation by the recognising party.
  • The recognition requires the consent of the mother.
  • Recognition also requires the consent of the child if the mother is not entitled to parental care in this respect.
  • The effectiveness of the declaration on the acknowledgement of paternity is not dependent on the actual parentage relationships; (legal) paternity comes into existence solely through the effective submission of the declarations of acknowledgement and all necessary declarations of consent. Acknowledgement of paternity can also be made before the birth of the child.
  • A person with limited legal capacity can only acknowledge paternity himself or herself, but requires the consent of the legal representative. For those who are incapacitated, the legal representative can acknowledge with the approval of the family court; if the legal representative is a guardian, the approval of the guardianship court is required.
  • The same rules apply to the mother's consent.
  • For an incapacitated child, or a child who is under 14 years of age, only the legal representative may consent to the recognition.
  • Acknowledgements or consents cannot be declared by an authorised person.

Which documents are required?

  • Proof of identity (e.g. identity card, passport, ID card)
  • Birth certificate of the father

What are the fees?

The acknowledgement of paternity and the declarations of consent are free of charge.

If necessary, € 30 for the affirmation in lieu of an interpreter.

What deadlines do I have to pay attention to?

  • The declaration of recognition can be submitted for an unlimited period of time, even before the birth of the child (prenatal recognition), and after the death of the child (post-mortem recognition), as well as for stillborn children.

Processing duration

  • Case-by-case

Legal basis

  • § 44 Civil Status Act (PStG)
  • §1594 to §1598 BGB , § 1599 BGB

Appeal

  • Opposition
  • Contestation
  • Declaratory proceedings

Applications / forms

at the registry office

Author

The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

Technically approved by

Senator for the Interior, Department 23 - Personal Status Law, of the State of Bremen

Professionally released on

09.10.2020

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