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Schleswig-Holstein

Pay beer tax

Source: Zuständigkeitsfinder Schleswig-Holstein (Linie6PLus)

Service Description

If you produce or import beer or mixed beer drinks, you must pay beer tax.

The beer tax is an excise tax levied on beer and mixed beer drinks. It is a special feature among the excise taxes regulated by federal law: The customs administration, i.e. a federal administration, levies the beer tax, while the revenue accrues to the federal states.

The tax is levied as soon as the beer is removed from a so-called tax warehouse. A tax warehouse is a location approved by the main customs office where the products may be manufactured, processed, treated, stored, received or dispatched. In addition, the tax also applies if you import beer from a third country.

Amount of beer tax

The amount of beer tax is generally based on the original wort content of the beer. This is measured in degrees Plato. In the case of beer mixtures or flavored beer, the original wort content of the beer used is the basis for calculating the beer tax. The degree Plato of the finished beverage is calculated based on the mixing ratio of the beer content with other ingredients.

The original wort content refers to the proportion of substances dissolved from the malt in the unfermented wort. These are primarily malt sugars, but also proteins, vitamins, minerals and flavorings. During fermentation, the yeast produces around one third alcohol, one third carbon dioxide and one third residual extract.

The higher the original wort content, the stronger the beer produced. Most beers in Germany are full-bodied beers with an original gravity of between 11 and 16 degrees Plato. The alcohol content is between 4.5 and 5.5 percent by volume.

The standard tax rate per hectoliter (hl), i.e. per 100 liters, is EUR 0.787 per degree Plato. The alcohol content is irrelevant.

Example:

If you produce a hectoliter of full beer - for example Pilsner, Kölsch or Alt - with an original gravity of 12 degrees Plato, you will have to pay EUR 9.44 beer tax.

12 x 0.787 EUR = 9.44 EUR. Converted to a 0.2 liter glass of beer, this is 0.019 EUR beer tax.

Mixed beer drinks

If you produce beer mixes or flavored beer, the original wort content of the beer used is also the basis for calculating the beer tax. Depending on the mixing ratio of the beer content with other ingredients, you can use this to calculate the degree Plato of the finished drink.

The degree Plato of a beer mixture is therefore calculated from the degree Plato of the beer times the hectoliters of beer divided by the hectoliters of the beer mixture.

You can find examples of how to calculate beer tax on the customs administration website.

Exceptions and reduced tax rates

  • Non-alcoholic beer: alcohol content of less than 0.5% by volume - not subject to beer tax.
  • Home-brewed beer: Beer supplied free of charge by licensed breweries to employees as a home-brew is tax-free.
  • Home and hobby brewers: Beer produced by home and hobby brewers is tax-free up to a quantity of 200 liters per calendar year. The competent main customs office must be notified in advance of the start of production and the place of production. If the aforementioned quantity is exceeded, a tax declaration must be submitted using the official form and the beer tax must be paid. The standard tax rate of EUR 0.787 per hectoliter and degree Plato applies to the taxable quantities.
  • Reduced tax rates: Smaller, legally and economically independent breweries can claim reduced beer tax rates for brewed beer if the total annual production is less than 200,000 hectoliters. Depending on the annual production, the standard tax rate can be reduced by up to 50 percent based on a volume scale. This is based on so-called graduated tax rates.

If the reduced graduated tax rates are applied, the standard tax rate is reduced evenly in 1,000-hectoliter increments to

  • to 75 percent for an annual production of 40,000 hectoliters,
  • to 70 percent for an annual production of 20,000 hectoliters,
  • to 60 percent for an annual production of 10,000 hectoliters and
  • to 50 percent for an annual production of 5,000 hectoliters.

The reduced tax rates do not apply to mixed beer drinks and flavored beers, as these are not produced using the brewing process. This also applies to beer supplied to the tax territory by a foreign independent brewery with a total annual production of less than 200,000 hectoliters. An official certificate of the previous year's production of the foreign brewery must be submitted.

Calculation of beer tax reduced rates

The customs administration uses its own data processing procedure to calculate the beer tax.

Based on the data submitted, this program calculates both the amount of beer tax to be paid each month and the untaxed exports to EU member states and third countries.

You will receive a tax assessment notice based on the data collected.


Process flow

You can submit the declaration or registration for beer tax by post or online.
Submit your declaration by post:

  • If you withdraw beer from a tax warehouse, consume it or are a "registered consignee", you must submit a written tax return.
    • Download the form "Beer tax return" (form 2076).
    • Complete the form in full and send it by post to the Stuttgart Main Customs Office.
    • The Stuttgart Main Customs Office will check your tax return.
  • If regular deliveries of beer from other European countries are involved and you have a permanent permit for the purchase of beer under duty suspension or for commercial receipt in free circulation, you must declare these deliveries in a written tax declaration:
    • Use the form "Monthly tax declaration/relief declaration for beer" (form 2074).
    • Complete the form in full and send it by post to the main customs office responsible for you.
    • The main customs office will check your tax declaration.
      • If discrepancies are discovered during the check, you will be given the opportunity to correct incorrect information or complete incomplete information by the due date of the tax.
      • If the claim is already due or if you do not correct the information, the main customs office will assess the duties with a tax assessment notice and inform you accordingly.
      • If the check does not lead to any objections, the tax amount due will normally be collected from your account by direct debit, in which case you do not need to take any further action.
  • If the beer tax has arisen in connection with irregularities, for example in the case of
    • Production without a license,
    • exceeding the tax-free quantity for home and hobby brewers or
    • a disregarded ban, then you must calculate it yourself and submit a written tax return:
      • Use the form "Tax declaration for beer in individual cases" (form 2075).
      • Complete the form in full and send it by post to the main customs office responsible for you.
      • The main customs office will check your tax return.
  • If you
    • only obtain beer from other EU countries as a "registered consignee" in individual cases,
    • import beer into the EU from a third country and have not already submitted the tax declaration on the customs declaration, or
    • your permit as a tax warehouse holder has expired,

you must submit a written tax return (form 2077).

Submit a declaration online:

  • You can also complete and submit the forms for levying beer tax online.
  • Call up the online application on the customs portal on the Internet. This will guide you step by step through the necessary information, which you can enter electronically.
  • Upload the required documents as a file and send the application.
  • The main customs office will check your details and documents.
  • You will receive a tax assessment notice.

The main customs office in whose district you operate your business or, if you do not operate a business, in whose district you are resident, is responsible. If your company is operated from a location outside Germany or if you do not have a place of residence in Germany, the main customs office in whose district you first appear for tax purposes is responsible.

Requirements

You must pay beer tax if the tax has arisen and you are liable to pay the tax within the meaning of the law. This can be the case in various constellations, for example if

  • you are the owner of a tax warehouse from which the products were withdrawn or in which they were consumed,
  • you are a "registered consignee" and take the products into your business following their transportation under duty suspension, or
  • you were involved in a production without the required authorization.

In order for smaller breweries to benefit from reduced tax rates, they must be legally and economically independent of other breweries and their total annual production must be less than 200,000 hectoliters.

Which documents are required?
  • If you withdraw beer from a tax warehouse, consume it or are a "registered recipient":
    • Beer tax return (form 2076)
  • If regular deliveries of beer from other European countries are involved and you have a permanent authorization to purchase beer under suspension of excise duty or to receive it from free circulation as a certified consignee:
    • Monthly tax declaration/relief declaration for beer (form 2074)
  • If the beer tax has arisen in individual cases - for example, production without a permit or mail order - or in connection with irregularities:
    • Tax declaration for beer in individual cases (form 2075)
  • If you purchase beer from other EU states as a "registered consignee" in individual cases, import beer from a third country into the EU and have not already submitted the tax declaration on the customs declaration, or your permit as a tax warehouse keeper for beer has expired:
    • Beer tax return in individual cases (form 2077)
What are the fees?

As a rule, you will not incur any costs.

Late payment penalties are possible in the event of late payment.

What deadlines do I have to pay attention to?
  • You must submit the "Beer tax return" (form 2076) by the 7th day of the month following the month in which the beer tax arises.
  • You must submit the "Individual beer tax return" (form 2075) immediately.
  • You must submit the "Monthly tax return/relief declaration for beer" (form 2074) by the 10th day of the month following the month in which the tax arises.
  • You must submit the "Beer tax return in individual cases" (Form 2077) immediately.
Legal basis
Appeal
  • Appeal
  • Action before the tax court
What else should I know?

There are no indications or special features.

Author
Forwarding service: Deep link to the origin portal

Generalzolldirektion (GZD)

The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

Technically approved by

Federal Ministry of Finance (BMF)

Professionally released on

30.11.2023

Teaser

If you produce or import beer or mixed beer drinks, you must pay beer tax.

Process flow

You can submit the declaration or registration for beer tax by post or online.
Submit your declaration by post:

  • If you withdraw beer from a tax warehouse, consume it or are a "registered consignee", you must submit a written tax return.
    • Download the form "Beer tax return" (form 2076).
    • Complete the form in full and send it by post to the Stuttgart Main Customs Office.
    • The Stuttgart Main Customs Office will check your tax return.
  • If regular deliveries of beer from other European countries are involved and you have a permanent permit for the purchase of beer under duty suspension or for commercial receipt in free circulation, you must declare these deliveries in a written tax declaration:
    • Use the form "Monthly tax declaration/relief declaration for beer" (form 2074).
    • Complete the form in full and send it by post to the main customs office responsible for you.
    • The main customs office will check your tax declaration.
      • If discrepancies are discovered during the check, you will be given the opportunity to correct incorrect information or complete incomplete information by the due date of the tax.
      • If the claim is already due or if you do not correct the information, the main customs office will assess the duties with a tax assessment notice and inform you accordingly.
      • If the check does not lead to any objections, the tax amount due will normally be collected from your account by direct debit, in which case you do not need to take any further action.
  • If the beer tax has arisen in connection with irregularities, for example in the case of
    • Production without a license,
    • exceeding the tax-free quantity for home and hobby brewers or
    • a disregarded ban, then you must calculate it yourself and submit a written tax return:
      • Use the form "Tax declaration for beer in individual cases" (form 2075).
      • Complete the form in full and send it by post to the main customs office responsible for you.
      • The main customs office will check your tax return.
  • If you
    • only obtain beer from other EU countries as a "registered consignee" in individual cases,
    • import beer into the EU from a third country and have not already submitted the tax declaration on the customs declaration, or
    • your permit as a tax warehouse holder has expired,

you must submit a written tax return (form 2077).

Submit a declaration online:

  • You can also complete and submit the forms for levying beer tax online.
  • Call up the online application on the customs portal on the Internet. This will guide you step by step through the necessary information, which you can enter electronically.
  • Upload the required documents as a file and send the application.
  • The main customs office will check your details and documents.
  • You will receive a tax assessment notice.

The main customs office in whose district you operate your business or, if you do not operate a business, in whose district you are resident, is responsible. If your company is operated from a location outside Germany or if you do not have a place of residence in Germany, the main customs office in whose district you first appear for tax purposes is responsible.

Requirements

You must pay beer tax if the tax has arisen and you are liable to pay the tax within the meaning of the law. This can be the case in various constellations, for example if

  • you are the owner of a tax warehouse from which the products were withdrawn or in which they were consumed,
  • you are a "registered consignee" and take the products into your business following their transportation under duty suspension, or
  • you were involved in a production without the required authorization.

In order for smaller breweries to benefit from reduced tax rates, they must be legally and economically independent of other breweries and their total annual production must be less than 200,000 hectoliters.

Which documents are required?

  • If you withdraw beer from a tax warehouse, consume it or are a "registered recipient":
    • Beer tax return (form 2076)
  • If regular deliveries of beer from other European countries are involved and you have a permanent authorization to purchase beer under suspension of excise duty or to receive it from free circulation as a certified consignee:
    • Monthly tax declaration/relief declaration for beer (form 2074)
  • If the beer tax has arisen in individual cases - for example, production without a permit or mail order - or in connection with irregularities:
    • Tax declaration for beer in individual cases (form 2075)
  • If you purchase beer from other EU states as a "registered consignee" in individual cases, import beer from a third country into the EU and have not already submitted the tax declaration on the customs declaration, or your permit as a tax warehouse keeper for beer has expired:
    • Beer tax return in individual cases (form 2077)

What are the fees?

As a rule, you will not incur any costs.

Late payment penalties are possible in the event of late payment.

What deadlines do I have to pay attention to?

  • You must submit the "Beer tax return" (form 2076) by the 7th day of the month following the month in which the beer tax arises.
  • You must submit the "Individual beer tax return" (form 2075) immediately.
  • You must submit the "Monthly tax return/relief declaration for beer" (form 2074) by the 10th day of the month following the month in which the tax arises.
  • You must submit the "Beer tax return in individual cases" (Form 2077) immediately.

Legal basis

Appeal

  • Appeal
  • Action before the tax court

What else should I know?

There are no indications or special features.

Author

Forwarding service: Deep link to the origin portal

Generalzolldirektion (GZD)

The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

Technically approved by

Federal Ministry of Finance (BMF)

Professionally released on

30.11.2023

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