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Petition for divorce of a marriage
Source: Zuständigkeitsfinder Schleswig-Holstein (Linie6PLus)
In order to end your existing marriage, you must apply for a divorce in the family court. In doing so, you must be represented by a lawyer. There is no obligation to be represented by a lawyer when agreeing to a divorce petition.
The family court will grant the divorce if the legal requirements are met. If both spouses file for divorce by mutual consent or if the respondent agrees to the divorce, the local court will divorce the marriage, provided that the so-called separation year has been lived through. In the case of contentious proceedings, the court decides in accordance with the law on the basis of the facts of the individual case.
The divorce petition must be filed with the family court by your lawyer, usually after the separation period of at least one year.
- The court will then serve the petition on the opposing party. There is no attorney requirement for approval of the divorce petition.
- As a rule, the divorce settlement also includes the equalisation of pensions, i.e. the fair division of the pension rights acquired by the spouses during the marriage. To this end, the Local Court will ex officio request you and your spouse to inform it of their pension providers and then ask the pension providers for information on the pension rights acquired by you and your spouse during the marriage.
- In addition, you and your spouse can also file other subsequent matters in the divorce proceedings, e.g. the subsequent matters of equalisation of gains or post-marital maintenance.
- At the hearing on the petition for divorce, you and your spouse will generally be heard in person on the prerequisites for divorce.
- If the requirements for divorce are met, the family court will pronounce a divorce by order.
Who should I contact?
- Please consult a lawyer.
- Local Court - Family Court (Sections 23a (1) sentence 1, 23b (1) GVG)
- The Local Court - Family Court - which is competent for you in accordance with § 122 FamFG, will be determined by the lawyer instructed by you.
A prerequisite for the divorce of your marriage is that it has failed.
The marriage has broken down if your cohabitation no longer exists and you and your spouse cannot be expected to restore it.
By law, this is irrefutably presumed if you and your spouse have been separated for at least three years. In addition, a marriage is presumed to have broken down if you and your spouse have lived apart for one year and you both file for divorce or your spouse consents to the divorce.
If you and your spouse have been separated for less than three years and your spouse does not consent to the divorce, you must show and prove that the marriage has broken down.
The court can divorce the marriage regardless of the duration of the separation if the continuation of the marriage would constitute an undue hardship for you for reasons that lie in the person of your spouse.
Which documents are required?
As a rule, the following must be presented for this purpose:
- Your photo ID
- the original or certified copy of your marriage certificate
- if applicable, the birth certificates of your minor children in the original or as a certified copy
Please consult a lawyer to find out which documents your lawyer needs from you.
What are the fees?
- Court costs
- Attorney's fees
- both depend on the value in dispute
What deadlines do I have to pay attention to?
Because of the given procedure at least 3 months, depending on the individual case.
- Appeal pursuant to §§ 58 et seq. FamFG against the family court decision within one month by a lawyer.
Applications / forms
For information on the subject of divorce, see
The text was automatically translated based on the German content.
Technically approved by
Senator for Justice and Constitution of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen
Professionally released on