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Source: Zuständigkeitsfinder Schleswig-Holstein (Linie6PLus)
Exercise of the right of first refusal means that when a municipality purchases a plot of land in its municipal area, it has a right, subject to certain conditions, for it or a third party to enter into the purchase agreement and subsequently become the owner of the land. The right of first refusal may only be exercised if the public good justifies it.
The exercise of the right of first refusal may be excluded under certain circumstances or may be averted by the purchaser.
The seller or buyer informs the municipality about the content of a purchase contract.
If there is no pre-emptive right or if the municipality does not exercise it, the municipality has to issue a certificate about it at the request of one of the parties (so-called negative notice / certificate).
If, on the other hand, the municipality exercises the pre-emptive right, an independent purchase agreement between the seller and the municipality is newly established. In principle, the same conditions apply (also with regard to the purchase price) that the seller had agreed upon with the original buyer. However, the purchase price may be limited if the agreed purchase price clearly exceeds the market value. In this case, the seller may withdraw from the contract.
The right of first refusal shall be exercised vis-à-vis the seller; the buyer shall be notified of the decision.
A purchase of land takes place.
The purchase must be notified to the municipality without delay. Without such notification, the period of three months granted to the municipality to exercise the right of first refusal shall not begin to run.
If the municipality exercises a right of pre-emption to which it is entitled and if there is also no reason for exclusion or if it is not averted, the municipality enters into the purchase agreement in place of the purchaser; if it exercises the right in favor of a third party, the latter enters into the purchase agreement.
The municipality or the beneficiary third party must then pay the seller a purchase price which, as a rule, corresponds to the agreed purchase price. Under certain conditions, a lower amount may also be paid, for example, if the agreed purchase price clearly exceeds the market value at the time of purchase.
Which documents are required?
The seller or the buyer shall immediately notify the municipality of the contents of the purchase agreement so that it can decide whether to exercise the right of first refusal.
What are the fees?
Costs are incurred by the purchaser and / or the seller if they apply to the municipality for a declaration that they waive their right of first refusal.
The determination of the costs and their amount results from the municipal tax laws of the federal states in conjunction with the administrative fee statutes of the municipality.
What deadlines do I have to pay attention to?
The right of first refusal may only be exercised within three months of notification of the purchase agreement to the seller.
A processing period is not directly regulated. However, it follows from the deadline for exercising the right of first refusal (see below) that the municipality must act without delay.
Applications / forms
The right of first refusal must be exercised by means of an administrative act. It is regularly issued in writing.
No particular form is generally prescribed for an application for the issue of a negative decision/testate; this decision is also regularly issued in writing.
What else should I know?
- The right of first refusal is excluded in several cases, e.g. in the case of a sale to a spouse / relative / in-law or if the property is built on and used in accordance with the development plan.
- The right of first refusal can also be averted by the purchaser, for example if the purchaser
- is able to use the property within a reasonable period of time in accordance with the intended use, and
- undertakes to do so within two months of the purchase agreement being notified to the municipality.
- The exercise of a right of first refusal in favor of a third party shall require that the third party
- is in a position to use the land for the intended purpose within a reasonable period of time, and
- undertakes to do so.
The municipality is entitled to pre-emption rights by law (general pre-emption rights) and pre-emption rights based on statutes (special pre-emption rights). Both types are on an equal footing.
The statutory pre-emption rights serve as instruments under urban development law to secure urban land-use planning.
The text was automatically translated based on the German content.
Technically approved by
Ministry for Energy, Infrastructure and Digitalization Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
Professionally released on